III.  Books

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(Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2007; ISBN:978-1-84277-520-7; pp.xxxii + 364)

This   book   is   a   revision   of   Martin's   doctoral   thesis   from   the   University   of   Wales,   Lampeter,   where   he   studied under Professor D. P. Davies. You can order it from . Its Abstract reads as follows: The   Synoptic   Problem   is   in   large   measure   the   province   of   ancient   history,   and   a   comprehensive solution   requires   a   consideration   of   both   chronology   and   authorship   as   well   as   source   dependencies. Tabular   and   graphical   analysis   of   pericope   order   demonstrates   that   both   Matthew   and   Luke   used   Mark, and   suggests   that   Luke   worked   from   a   memorised   copy   of   Matthew.   This   gives   us   the   priority   of   Mark as   the   first   Greek   gospel.   Q   falls   to   Occam's   Razor   as   redundant,   vindicating   the   Farrer   Hypothesis (Luke   used   Matthew).   Matthew's   first   work,   preceding   Mark,   was   an   Aramaic   collection   of   logia    of   c .44 resembling    Thomas;    with    this    he    later    conflated    Mark    to    produce    his    Greek    Gospel.    Traditional authorship    of    all    four    canonical    gospels    is    supported    as    believed    by    the    early    Church.    Papias' comments   on   Matthew   and   Mark   derive   from   St   John   the Apostle    and   are   therefore   to   be   upheld,   'John the   Elder'   being   an   invention   of   Eusebius.   The   'Little   Apocalypse'   is   strong   evidence   that   all   three Synoptics   were   written   before   70,   not   after.   Mark's   Gospel   was   written   before    Peter's   death,   not   after, and   represents   his   teaching.   Examination   of   Paul's   later   epistles   indicates   that   he   was   released   without trial   in   62   from   his   first   Roman   imprisonment,   which   is   one   of   several   strands   giving   us   a   secure   date   of 62   for   Acts.   All   the   Synoptics   precede   this:   Luke   (60-1);   Matthew   (late   40s/50s);   Mark   (45).   Paul   was later   rearrested   c .66   in   Asia   on   a   capital   charge   and   taken   back   to   Rome,   following   a   prolonged confrontation   with   heretics   in   Ephesus   which   is   echoed   in   the   Pastorals.   His   last   extant   epistle   was Philippians.   Appendices   comprise   a   full   New   Testament   chronology,   historical   summaries   of   all   the epistles   and   of   Paul's   three   major   captivities,   a   separate   chronology   of   the   movements   of   Peter   and Mark, and a survey of the part played by Antioch. In   addition   it   tackles   perennial   chestnuts   such   as   the   chronology   of   Jesus'   ministry   in   Mark   and   John,   the   day and   date   of   the   crucifixion,   the   identification   and   dates   of   Paul's   visits   to   Jerusalem,   Paul's   ever-changing Corinthian itineraries, the date and addressees of Galatians, and many others. The book has attracted plaudits from various quarters: ‘Martin   Mosse   has   written   a   lively   and   provocative   study   of   the   composition   of   the   Synoptic   Gospels within   the   context   of   primitive   Christianity.   Historical   clues   found   with   the   New Testament   are   followed   in his   attempts   to   locate   the   origins   of   the   earliest   Gospels.   The   broad   sweep   of   his   investigations   and   the relentlessly   pursued   logic   of   many   of   his   arguments   are   to   be   welcomed.   Mosse   flies   many   worthwhile kites which will deserve analysis by perceptive readers.’ J. Keith Elliott, University of Leeds. ‘Mosse’s   book   has   given   me   new   confidence   in   our   gospel   texts   which   will   have   a   real   impact   on   my preaching.   His   skilful   use   of   Occam’s   Razor   and   what   seemed   to   me   irrefutable   logic   have   persuaded me    that    we    should    jettison    all    references    to    Q    at    the    earliest    opportunity.    He    has    also    made    a convincing   case   for   traditional   authorship   of   all   four   gospels,   and   early   dates   of   the   Synoptics.   Mosse’s chronological tables and r.eference material will be constantly at hand during sermon preparation!’ Tom Kennar, Curate, Warblington with Emsworth. ‘This    is    a    fine    piece    of    work,    creatively    challenging    a    number    of    paradigms    in    New    Testament scholarship   and   making   use   of   all   kinds   of   early   Christian   evidence   to   reconstruct   a   full   and   persuasive chronology   for   the   biblical   documents.   Like   Bishop   John   Robinson’s   work   on   the   dating   of   the   New Testament   books   and   events,   it   asks   us   to   start   by   being   a   bit   more   sceptical   about   accumulated scholarly   habits   and   return   for   a   fresh   look   at   the   literary   and   historical   evidence.   It   will   certainly   provoke controversy,   and   is   unlikely   to   convince   everyone;   but   it   is   argued   with   energy   and   clarity   and   insists, rightly, on the significance of many neglected sources and arguments. A real achievement.’ Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury. 'This   sweeping   studying   of   the   synoptic   problem   and   the   chronology   of   the   New   Testament   period   is breath-taking    in    its    scope    and    challenging    in    terms    of    its    proposed    solutions.    Mosse    must    be commended   for   attempting   such   a   "grand   unifying   theory"   of   New   Testament   History,   which   seeks   to date   and   locate   both   key   events   as   well   as   the   composition   of   the   documents   that   comprise   that corpus.' Paul Foster, The Expository Times, June 2008. 'It   is   notable   that   the   few   voices   raised   against   [the   prevailing   scepticism   about   the   historical   worth   of the   New   Testament]   have   for   the   most   part   been   of   those   trained   in   the   disciplines   of   the   ancient historian.   Such   was   A.   N.   Sherwin-White,   a   highly   respected   historian   of   the   Roman   Empire,   who demonstrated   (in   Roman   Society   and   Roman   Law   in   the   New   Testament ,   1961)   the   accuracy   of   the majority   of   New Testament   references   to   Roman   legal   and   social   institutions   to   an   extent   that   has   never been   seriously   challenged.   Such   also   was   Bishop   John   Robinson,   whose   Redating   the   New   Testament   (1976)    made    an    impressive    case    for    believing    that    all    the    major    New    Testament    writings    were composed   before   the   destruction   of   Jerusalem   in AD   70.   This   select   company   has   now   been   joined   by Martin   Mosse,   not   a   professional   scholar   (he   made   his   career   in   operational   research   in   the   defence industry),   but   with   considerable   analytic   skills   deriving   from   his   study   of   mathematics   and   -   once   again   - ancient history.' A. E. Harvey, The Times Literary Supplement 23 May 2008. 'Mosse   has   two   important   strengths.   As   a   historian,   he   is   aware   that   it   is   people,   not   sources,   who   are responsible   for   traditions;   and   he   shows   a   far   greater   awareness   of   the   shape   of   argument   than   some New Testament colleagues.' Nicholas King, The Tablet, 7 June 2008. 'Martin   with   great   thoroughness   and   diligence,   on   the   basis   of   the   methods   of   study   of ancient   history,   with   a   dash   of   mathematical   rigour   in   his   insistence   on   logical   consistency   -   very necessary in analysing the views with which he has to deal.' Robert S. Beresford, Journal of the Dorothy L. Sayers Society, no. 201 (January 2009), pp.11-12. See also the five-star reviews on

2. e, i & pi:  A MATHEMATICAL DRAMA IN THREE ACTS (pp.xvi + 383)

This   book   presents   a   new   concept   in   teaching   mathematics,   focussing   on   the   key   numbers   e,   i   and   pi ,   and showing   how   the   central   concepts   develop   one   from   the   other   and   interweave,   as   described   in   BW/003    cited above.   It   is   intended   for   a   wide   readership,   including   particularly   people   of   normal   intelligence   who   because badly taught at school decided prematurely that maths was ‘not for them.’ As it says in the Introduction: This   book   is   intended   for   anyone   who   wants   to   learn,   or   refresh   their   understanding   of,   some   of   the basic   elements   of   mathematics   and   how   they   relate   to   each   other.   It   differs   from   conventional   texts primarily   in   terms   of   the   sequence   in   which   its   material   is   presented,   and   in   the   connecting   threads between   topics.   Where   possible,   it   seeks   to   present   mathematics   in   the   order   in   which   mankind discovered   it,   giving   passing   references   to   the   discoverers   of   particular   branches   as   it   does   so,   and showing how one discovery led to the next. As   a   result,   at   whatever   point   a   student   leaves   the   course,   he   or   she   ought   to   have   acquired   a   body   of knowledge which has a definite beginning and progresses intelligibly towards a definite end. In   particular,   we   celebrate   in   this   book   the   Swiss   mathematician   Leonhard   Euler   (pronounced   "oiler") (1707-1783),   surely   the   greatest   mathematician   of   the   eighteenth   century   and   unquestionably   one   of the   greatest   of   all   time. As   Laplace   said   of   him,   'He   is   the   master   of   us   all.'   Euler's   celebrated   unification of   trigonometry,   complex   numbers,   and   exponentials,   described   in   his   Introductio   in Analysin   Infinitorum   (1744,   published   1748),   takes   us   to   the   climax   of   this   book.   In   it   he   brings   together   the   three   most fundamental constants around which this book is based: e : central to logarithms, exponentials and the calculus, i : central to complex numbers, and pi : central to trigonometry (and much else). From this follows what is probably the most beautiful and astonishing equation in all mathematics: e i.pi  + 1 = 0 or, re-expressed, e i.pi  = -1 This book attempts to chart the path which leads to that climax. In   addition   it   touches   on   the   philosophy   of   mathematics,   commenting   from   time   to   time   on   the   famous   debate as to maths is discovered or invented. The book can be downloaded in its entirety as a PDF free of charge by clicking here. The     Microsoft     QuickBASIC     utilities     RECIP.EXE,     POLYDIV.EXE,     POLYDIV2.EXE,     CONFRA.EXE     and CONRAD.EXE,   together   with   the   Microsoft   Excel   spreadsheet   BINOM.XLS,   which   accompany   the   book   and are described in it, can be downloaded as a .zip file by clicking here . 3. PEACEMAKING IN GOD’S CHURCH  (Self-published, 2015, ISBN-13: 978-15186-1518670862; ISBN- 10:1518670865, pp.v + 164) Available on Amazon both as Kindle ebook and in paperback. From the back cover: This   book   is   born   of   a   deep-seated   belief   that   only   a   reunited   and   prayerful   Church   is   ever   going   to complete   our   mission   to   bring   about   God’s   kingdom;   which   was   the   main   subject   of   Jesus’   teaching   and represents   the   only   imaginable   hope   for   the   future   of   planet   Earth.      Maintaining   the   historic   tensions between   the   churches   –   and   in   particular   the   gulf   which   opened   up   between   Roman   Catholics   and evangelicals at the Reformation – is therefore a luxury we cannot afford. Martin   Mosse   presents   some   principles   of   peacemaking   –   first   from   the   gospels   and   then   from   the   life   of his   ancestor   Charles   Simeon   –   from   which   he   proposes   a   structure   for   peacemaking   according   to   which contrasting   beliefs   may   not   always   be   mutually   exclusive.      For   instance,   religious   and   non-religious approaches   to   God   may   be   complementary.     Again,   confusion   has   often   arisen   from   the   fact   that   there are   two   bundles   of   good   news   in   the   New   Testament   both   designated   ‘gospel’.      Positive   attempts   to present   Roman   Catholics   and   evangelicals   to   each   other   in   a   favourable   light   are   followed   by   trenchant and   radical,   but   even-handed,   criticisms   showing   how   both   sides   have   diverged   from   their   earliest scriptural   origins.      Such   divergences   in   their   deepest   thinking,   while   unrecognised,   make   reconciliation impossible.      Mosse   goes   on   to   plead   for   a   return   to   the   ancient   and   biblical   practice   of   waiting   on   God   in silent,   contemplative   prayer.      This   allows   God   to   re-order   our   minds   and   lives   and   leads   to   the   mystical dimension    which    has    frequently    been    manifest    within    Roman    Catholicism,    but    which    evangelical Protestantism   was   born   without   and   needs   to   recover.      Such   a   practice   on   both   sides   could   bring   about a healing of the Church and so advance the kingdom of our problem-solving God. Comments so far received include: ‘Martin   Mosse’s   heart   is   in   the   right   place;   he   is   properly   offended   by   the   scandal   of   Christian   disunion, and   wants   to   bang   together   the   heads   of   the   warring   parties   and   get   them   to   come   back   to   the   ancient Christian discipline of silent contemplation allied to attentive reading of the Bible.’ Nicholas King, SJ, Academic Director, Theology, at St Mary’s University, Twickenham . ‘An   informed,   engaging   and   compelling   reminder   that   every   Christian   is   called   to   cooperate   with   the Holy   Spirit   in   building   God’s   kingdom   of   peace   here   on   earth,   but   that   if   the   Church   wishes   to   be   heard, it   must   first   demonstrate   that   work   of   peace-making   within   its   own   body.      Offering   fresh   insights   and drawing   helpfully   on   Scripture   and   history,   here   is   a   call   for   integrity,   understanding   and   humility   in   the costly work of bringing peace to a broken world.’ Revd Simon Sayers, Rector, Warblington with Emsworth. ‘A great read, very well, laid out and offers a really positive way forward.’ (Roman Catholic) ‘Your   analysis   of   and   commentary   on   the   historical   divide   that   confounds   the   whole   problem   are   exactly right   and   to   the   point….   Your   constructive   approach   cum   amore   should   at   least   facilitate   a   more meaningful dialogue without rancour.’ (Protestant) ‘This   is   the   sort   of   book   that   ought   to   go   to   house   groups   throughout   the   country.      Dr   Mosse   challenges Christians   to   think   why   they   believe   what   they   believe.      Have   they   done   justice   to   all   aspects   of scriptural   evidence?      Whether   you   agree   or   disagree,   prepare   to   be   stimulated   and   challenged   –   and   to enjoy many lively evenings of group debate!’ (Orthodox) ‘I   commend   your   muscular   approach.   Peacemaking   is   surely   not   about   being   conciliatory   to   the   point   of wishy-washiness.   It's   condescending,   tantamount   to   saying,   'You   can't   handle   the   entailments   and inconsistencies   of   your   beliefs,   so   I   won't   confront   you   with   them.'   Much   better   to   be   candid.   Now   that's respectful. Treats people as adults.’ (‘Truth seeker’) Copies may be bought from here